Additional Research

In this section we highlight the research of others that are working in the biochar industry


Glaser, B., Lehmann, J. and Zech, W. 2002. "Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal - a review", Biology and Fertility of Soils 35 , 219-230.

Hansen, James, Makiko Sato, Pushker Kharecha, David Beerling, Valerie Masson-Delmotte, Mark Pagani, Maureen Raymo, Dana L. Royer, James C. Zachos, "Target Atmospheric CO2: Where Should Humanity Aim?", In press. [Supporting materials].

Hawkins, R, Nilsson, J , Ogelsby, R. and Day, D. et a Utilization of Biomass Pyrolysis for Energy production, Soil fertility and Carbon Sequestration. Summary of information presented May 7, 2007 at the UN Commission on Sustainable Development Partnerships Fair - Partnership in New Technologies for Small Island Developing States (unpublished).

Laird, D.A. 2008. The Charcoal Vision: A Win–Win–Win Scenario for Simultaneously Producing Bioenergy, Permanently Sequestering Carbon, while Improving Soil and Water Quality. Agronomy Journal: 100(1) 178-181

Lehmann, J. 2007. "A handful of carbon", Nature 447, 143-144.

Lehmann, .J, Gaunt, J. and Rondon, M. 2006. "Bio-char sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems – a review", Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11, 403-427. 

Lehmann J. 2007. "Bio-energy in the black." Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5, 381-387.

Lehmann J. and Rondon M. 2006. "Bio-char soil management on highly weathered soils in the humid tropics". In Uphoff N. (ed.) Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton , FL. pp.517-530.

Lehmann, J., da Silva Jr., J.P., Steiner, C., Nehls, T., Zech, W. and Glaser, B. 2003. "Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments", Plant and Soil 249 , 343-357.

Liang, B. , Lehmann, J., Solomon, D., Kinyangi, J., Grossman, J., O'Neill, B., Skjemstad, J.O., Thies, J., Luizão, F.J., Petersen, J. and Neves, E.G. 2006. "Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils", Soil Science Society of America Journal 70: 1719-1730.

Marris, E. 2006. "Black is the new green", Nature 442: 624-626. 

Mikan, C.J. and Abrams, M.D. 1995. "Altered forest composition and soil properties of historic charcoal hearths in southeastern Pennsylvania", Canadian Journal of Forestry Research 25, 687-696.

Nichols, K. 2002. Glomalin: Hiding Place for a Third of the World's Stored Soil Carbon. Agricultural Research: 50(9): 4-7

Nichols, K.A. 2008. Indirect Contributions of AM Fungi and Soil Aggregation to Plant Growth and Protection. IN: Siddiqui, Z.A., Akhtar, M.S., Futai, K. (eds.) Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry. Spinger Science. pp. 177-194.

Nichols, K.A. 2008. Microbial engineering to enhance your bottom line. Meeting Proceedings for the 12th Annual No-Till on the Plains Winter Workshop, Salina, KS, Jan. 29-30. pp. 138-139.

Nilsson, Jon, 2008. Agricultural Applications for Biomass Pyrolysis.  Powerpoint presentation at the 2008 UN Commission on Sustainable Development Partnerships Fair - Partnership in New Technologies for Small Island Developing States.

Morse, R and P. Stevens, 2006, 2007. Effects of Carbon-Based Soil Amendment (CSA) on Crop Yield of Irish Potato, Sweet Corn, Tomato and Bell Pepper (unpublished).

Okimori, Y., Ogawa, M. and Takahashi, F. 2003. "Potential of CO2 emission reductions by carbonizing biomass waste from industrial tree plantation in south Sumatra , Indonesia", Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 8, 261-280.

Shindo, H. 1991. "Elementary composition, humus composition, and decomposition in soil of charred grassland plants", Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 37, 651-657.

Sombroek, W., Nachtergaele, F.O. and Hebel, A. 1993. "Amounts, dynamics and sequestering of carbon in tropical and subtropical soils", Ambio 22, 417-426.

Steiner, C., Teixeira, W. G., Lehmann J., Nehls, T., Vasconcelos de Macêdo, J. L. V., Blum, W. E. H. and Zech, W. 2007. "Long term effects of manure, charcoal and mineral fertilization on crop production and fertility on a highly weathered Central Amazonian upland soil", Plant and Soil. 291, 275-290.

Steiner, Christoph, K.C. Das, M. Garcia, B Forster, and Wolfgang Zech, 2007. Charcoal and smoke extract stimulate the soil microbial community in a highly weathered Xanthic Ferralsol. Pedobiologia In press.

Warnock, D.D., Lehmann, J., Kuyper, T.W. and Rillig, M.C. 2007. "Mycorrhizal responses to biochar in soil – concepts and mechanisms", Plant and Soil 300, 9-20.

Woods, William I., Newton P. S. Falcão, and Wenceslau G. Teixeira. 2006. "Biochar Trials aim to enrich soil for smallholders". Nature 443:144.

Woolf, Dominic. "Biochar as a Soil Amendment - A review of the Environmental Implications", January 2008, Swansea University.

Yaman, S. 2004. "Pyrolysis of biomass to produce fuels and chemical feedstocks", Energy Conversion and Management 45, 651-671.

Yanai, Y., Toyota, K. and Okazani, M. 2007. "Effects of charcoal addition on N2O emissions from soil resulting from rewetting air-dried soil in short-term laboratory experiments." Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 53, 181-188.